The goal of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases from domestic transport by 2030 can be reached – but it is important that decided control measures are maintained and supplemented with new ones to make the transition robust and long-term sustainable.
Need for adjustments and additional instruments and measures, not least in light of the goal of reaching zero emissions from the transport sector by 2045, but also so that the goals can be reached in a more sustainable, socially efficient and robust way. The electrification of road traffic has a central role in the transition: on the one hand energy efficiency is promoted, and on the other hand greenhouse gas emissions from traffic are reduced.
There is a need for control tools mainly in three areas: A transport-efficient society, Sustainable renewable fuels and Energy-efficient vehicles, craft and ships. Applying control measures in several areas spreads the risks if one area does not develop in the desired direction, and in addition there are other goals and commitments to be reached, for example reduction of air pollution.
In order to reduce the socio-economic cost of the transition, it is also important to have other policy instruments that, for example, support new infrastructure, technology development, production of sustainable renewable fuels and changed social planning.
Furthermore, transport is by its nature cross-border, and international regulations are therefore crucial to succeed in the transition.